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History and Festivals

By Roopa Rani Bussa

Contributory Author for Spark Igniting Minds

Reverence to ancient history,

Wonder! how they decoded the mystery,

Science then was authentic,

Calculations had accuracy,

Healthy habits were the ritualistic moves,

Festivals gave social connections,

Forethought has prescience,

Penance touched conscience,

Today’s Asia was Jambu Dweepa,

Veda mantras recited for welfare,

Ceremonies are today’s festivals,

We follow them with great devotion.

Machines and technologies show that civilizations are achievements today. Back in time, some thousands of years ago, no science was seen obviously to the people. Only great saints were having precognitive spirits to predict the future. Unbelievable mathematicians with their skills proved and invented formulas, many out of them were later discovered by scientists from different parts of the world. Profound knowledge in various fields is cognitive wisdom to the world even today.

Pondering the truth about ancient history how they decided to celebrate each festival at that particular time of the year, it's mystical even today. Vedic Mathematics and Science was the way that brilliantly calculated the position of stars millions of miles away. The moon and sun’s directions were evaluated in simple mathematical exercises. All festivals were designated according to the planetary movements. The year has been divided into six seasons. The greatest science astronomy predicts the person's future with just the birth time and year of birth. Such was the knowledge. Realizing and recognizing the eternal verities itself feels like a boon to the generations.

As we know the prehistoric people unerringly calculated the time, days, months according to the sun and moon’s movements, they were perspicuously known about the planetary positions along with rotations, revolutions and according to the motions they have estimated how seasons are felt on earth. These computations explain when earth starts its new revolution in the month of chaitr. That particular day is celebrated as the New year day according to traditional calendars in many parts of Jambu dweep (the biggest island). The month of Chaitr is the sanctuary position to start the new round of revolution for the graha (planet). The significance of this observance is to pray for the omnipresent, understand the life's happy-sorrow circle, learn to accept the days as it comes. And also to know little about future predictions of the year’s rain-shine, the country's prosperity evaluated by astrologers (the one who knows astronomical science through calculations) the same will be expatiated by professionals in public forums. This procedure is called “panchanga shravana” listening to the lunar calendar’s forecast. Greeting the near and dear is the pleasing social activity initiated by this festival.

Moving forward a week later we get to celebrate the birthday of Lord Rama. The birthday culture started since Tretayug that is two eras before the present one. Currently we invite our friends' relatives to celebrate our birthdays. Similarly, the Lord and King’s birthday is celebrated by his followers, citizens, devotees by preparing some sweets, savories, and delicious food from then till today. The Prasad is presented to Lord Sri Rama and shared with people as holy offerings(prasad). Nineth day from the earth’s travel started towards the sun. this is the time earth will enter the summer season. Inviting families and offering lemonade, buttermilk is a part of ritual which signifies socializing. This practice asserts to help others in preventing themselves from the heat by consuming good amounts of liquids.

July (Ashaad) mostly will have a windy atmosphere. It's monsoon time in some parts of jambudweep. Consequently Venerable people decided to take a small pause from the festive mood.

In the month of Shravan Krishna's birthday is celebrated. Krishna was a naughty kid who used to break curd pots in the houses of Gokul. To recall those days, The quintessence of the same is still followed as a ritual. Many varieties of snacks are prepared and shared with friends as a part of socialising and also to inculcate sharing habits. This custom curbs the self-centered thought process in humans.

Ganesh festival falls in the month of bhadrapada and is a grand festival which inspires unity among the people. People enthusiastically work together to decorate the premises to welcome Ganesh. They Adore the positive vibrations all over the aura with the act of worshiping. Festival is celebrated for nine days. In every festival, we celebrate, there is some optimistic opportunity to grow together and move towards the welfare of people. Living in one nation or one place needs unity amongst people which is the greatest strength and power to the nation or group.

In the month of October (Ashwin and Karthik in the lunar calendar) it's time for Dussehra. Each era holds one or more significance to celebrate this festival. These auspicious days have brought victories to the kings of each era. In the present world, Each triumph of past eras is celebrated. All folks gather together to celebrate. They sing old folk songs and dance for those rhythmic tunes. This festival’s charm goes on for nine days. This entertainment helps to thicken the bond between people. This ritual is an authentication of socializing. As Togetherness is the spirit of honor And Unity fills the colors to life.

In the Karthik of the lunar calendar, Diwali is celebrated for four days. Each day connotes the world with a divine wisdom. First day For saving righteousness the demons are killed by the noble and that is celebrated. For this present world, we can think of our own bad thoughts as demons. We Celebrate our success over evil thoughts. Second day we honour the glory of wealth, fortune. Third day is to remind human beings about the power of the almighty . Fourth day to enunciate the bond between brothers and sisters. This festival reflects on the importance of kith and kin and also insights Self-reflections.

As spring comes nearer we see the trees spurt leaves and the fields start to yield by mid January. The Celebrations in the month Magha has different names in different parts. Worshipping together wholeheartedly is a festival. It’s a great celebration for the farmers as that will be the time for harvesting. The grains harvested will be stored for the whole year. Food is an essential thing to live and it’s every citizen’s responsibility to pay respects to the yielded crop and save them till the next crop reaps. Farmers honour the crop and enjoy those happy moments with great ebullience. This ritual teaches all to respect Mother Earth for her timeless favours.

In those bygone days, there were no sophisticated machines every calculation was done by the efficient brains. Unity between people, socialising for the betterment and good values are carried out by generations as rituals along with paying respects to the divinity. The whole worth of these cultures and traditions are the boons for mankind which are gifted by the classic people and their prescience.

The mode of festivities and holistic cheerfulness completed one year’s journey. Happiness and togetherness are the motives of festivals. May the virtue be eternal and bring prosperity in the world. Let’s move forward to yet another year of celebrations.

Around the year we traveled in the mode of festivities bringing holistic cheerfulness. The essence of happiness is worthwhile. May their virtue be eternal and bring prosperity in the world. Let’s move forward to yet another year of celebrations.

सूर्य संवेदना पुष्पे:, दीप्ति कारुण्यगंधने|

लब्ध्वा शुभम् नववर्षेअस्मिन् कुर्यात्सर्वस्य मंगलम् ||

भगवान कृपा प्राप्तिरस्तु

Meaning :

As the sun gives light, the sensation gives birth to compassion and the flowers always spread their fragrance. The same way May our new year be a pleasant one for us every day, every moment.

May you receive god’s grace!

Jai Hind


Feature Image by Prasad Ganapule from Pixabay

About the Author

Roopa Rani Bussa is a homemaker living in California and is a nature lover, the beholder of positive power, a believer of social services, a Passionate teacher, and a well organized passionate writer.

The journey of writing began a few years ago and she considers it an honor to carry forward the legacy of her father. She writes quotes and poetry in Telugu, Kannada, Hindi English, and Urdu.

Visit her at

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